OCCRP: Ukrainian Grain Exported Through Tax-Avoiding ‘Shell Firms,’ Robbing Country of Wartime Revenue

Key findings:

  • Ukraine is investigating hundreds of firms, many created since Russia’s full-scale invasion scrambled the grain market, for allegedly failing to properly document their trading in Ukrainian grain or to pay taxes on it.
  • Some of the EU companies that imported this grain from Ukraine raise serious questions themselves.
  • Several had been ordered shut down by Hungarian authorities but continued trading. Some of the men listed as their owners and directors were patients in psychiatric hospitals; one is an aspiring TikTok influencer.
  • The Romanian subsidiaries of major international agribusiness traders — COFCO International, Bunge, Viterra, and Ameropa Holding — also imported grain through Ukrainian companies under investigation.



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