In 1945 Karl Polanyi outlined a vision of a peacetime global state system with a political economy in which small countries could be both sovereign and democratic. The present essay reviews developments between then and now in the light of Polanyi’s analytical framework. Particular attention is paid to the history of the European Union, which after the end of Communism turned into a mainstay of the neoliberal project, culminating in its restoration of an international gold standard under Monetary Union. In the crisis of 2008 the advance of neoliberalism got stuck due to “populist” resistance to austerity and the shift of governance from the national to a supranational level. The paper explores the prospects of current attempts to replace the “Social Europe” and “trickle-down” narratives of European superstate formation, which have lost all credit, with a story about a European army as a necessary condition of a successful defence of “the European way of life”.
After eight years of being an absolute neo-liberal shit with blood on his hands, Draghi transforms into an open-minded statesman. Let him walk the streets of Athens for ten minutes without bodyguards. Read here
The surprising number of coronavirus deaths in Scottish care homes conceals a greater scandal about the hollowing out of the the UK National Health Service. The 1996 privatisation of care homes was described by Allyson […]
This is exemplary for how the war is being conducted by Ukraine in search of propaganda victories to obtain more ammunition and weapons ro enable more slaughter. Maybe it is time to end this war. […]